Glossary

Advocate :: The action of representing oneself or one’s views or interests.
Anhedonia :: Anhedonia is the inability to experience from activities usually found enjoyable, for instance exercise, hobbies, singing, sexual activities, or social interactions.
Anxiety Disorder :: A group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear. Feelings of anxiety may cause physical symptoms, such of fast heart beat and shakiness. Anxiety Disorders include: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder Disorder, Agoraphobia, Panic Disorder, and Selective Mutism.
Bipolar Disorder :: Bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, is a mood disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of elevation, also known as mania or hypomania, depending on its severity or whether psychotic symptoms are present. There are different types of bipolar, including bipolar l (patients who experience mania, with or without depressive episodes), bipolar ll (patients who experience hypomania, but no manic episodes but at least one major depressive episode).
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) :: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is considered a psycho-social intervention that is extremely similar to DBT and is the widely used evidence-based practice for improving mental health. Like DBT, the practice of CBT is focused on the development of personal coping strategies that target immediate problems and changing unhealthy patterns in cognition.
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) :: Deep Brain Stimulation is a neurosurgical procedure involving the implantation of a medical device called a neurostimulator (also known as a ‘brain pacemaker’), which sends electrical impulses, through implanted electrodes, to specific targets in the brain for the treatment of movement and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Depression :: A state of low mood and aversion to activity.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) :: Dialectical Behaviour Therapy is most frequently used for individuals with personality disorders and in instances of self-harm, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse, it can be effective by helping people to increase their emotional and cognitive regulation by learning about the triggers that lead to reactive states. From that point, you are given tools to help yourself better cope with thoughts, feelings, and events so that you may adjust your behaviours and avoid undesired reactions.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) :: Electroconvulsive Therapy, formerly known as electroshock therapy, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced to provide relief from certain mental conditions.
Hallucinations :: Hallucinations are defined as sensory perceptions in the absence of external stimuli. They can occur in any of the senses, and can take forms such as lights, colours, tastes, smells, and touch.
Load Dose :: A loading dose is an initial higher dose of a drug that may be given at the beginning of a course of treatment before dropping down to a lower maintenance dose.
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) :: Major Depressive disorder, also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations. It is often accompanied by low self-esteem, loss of interest, low energy, and pain with no just cause.
Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST) :: Magnetic Seizure Therapy involves the induction of a seizure by applying magnetic stimulation to the brain.
Mindfulness :: Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one’s attention to experiences occurring in the present moment, which can be developed through the practice of meditation and other training.
Mixed Episode or Mixed Features :: A mixed episode or episode with mixed features refers to the manic and depressive features of bipolar disorder occurring at the same time, or as part of a single episode.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) :: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is a mental disorder where one feels the need to check things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly, or have certain thoughts repeatedly. Common activities include hand washing, counting of things, and checking to see if a door is locked.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) :: Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which affects 3-8% of menstruating women.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) :: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a mental disorder that can develop after one experiences a traumatic event, such as assault, war, or other form of threat against a person’s life. Symptoms may include disturbing thoughts, feelings, or dreams relating to the event, mental or physical distress to trauma-related triggers, avoidance of trauma-related triggers that can be disabling, and an increase in the fight-or-flight response.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) :: rTMS is a method in which magnetic currents are used to create an electric current to flow in a targeted region of the brain via electromagnetic induction.
Schizophrenia :: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behaviour and a failure to understand reality. Symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices that others do not, reduced social engagement and emotional expression, and a lack of motivation. Schizophrenia will often appear alongside other disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse.
Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) :: Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (also called SSRIs) are medicines that increase the levels of a chemical messenger in the brain called serotonin. An imbalance of serotonin in the brain is thought to contribute to depression, anxiety, poor mood, sexual dysfunction, OCD and stress. SSRIs act to regulate the serotonin levels.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VMS) :: Vagus Nerve Stimulation is a treatment that involves implantation of a device that stimulates the vagus nerve with electrical impulses.